Psalm 69 is a very typical chapter for the Book of Psalms. The song we recorded is actually a segment from the North African Jewry service, the ambassador of the congregation recites that verse and the congregation repeats it.
I would like to quote Sarah, Victoria’s daughter (A mathematician who is an economist): “Prime numbers are a mathematical proof of God’s centrality in the world.”
Below is the structure of Psalm 69, based on prime numbers.
Number of Verses
Psalm 69:1: Introduction 1 verse
“For the conductor, on shoshannim, of David.”
– We mentioned that Shoshan (Roses or Lily) are many times the description of Israel. The kingdom of Israel stroke coins with Lily on them. It seems that although there is a personal aspect to Psalm 69, Kind David emphasized more the national emotion this time.
Psalm 69 verses 2 to 13: Poet’s description of his situation 7 verses
“Save me, O God, for water has come up to my soul… Do not let those who hope for You be shamed through me, O Lord God of Hosts; let those who seek You not be disgraced through me, O God of Israel. For I have borne humiliation because of You; disgrace has covered my face. I was strange to my brothers, and alien to the sons of my mother… They talk about me, those who sit in the gate, and [they make] melodies [about me] for those who imbibe strong drink.”
– We saw that when the commentaries speaks about Psalm 69:14 “I was strange to my brothers, and alien to the sons of my mother”, they don’t focus on the David’s personal experience with being estranged by from his family (Click here for the personal story). Rather “My brothers” will be Jacob’s (Israel’s) brother, Esau, whom decedents are the Christian. And the “Alien to the sons of my mother”, is Yishmael, Jakob’s uncle, whom his descendants are the Muslims. – Again, emphasize on the national part more than the private in this song.
Psalm 69 Verse 14: Transition (verse 2 begins, “Deliver me”, and the verses in between describe exactly why the poet seeks deliverance. verse 14 completes this section of the song) 1 verse
“But, as for me, may my prayer to You, O Lord, be in an acceptable time. O God, with Your abundant kindness, answer me with the truth of Your salvation.”
Psalm 69 Verses 15 to 19: Poet’s plea and hope 5 verses
“Save me from mud that I not sink, that I be saved from my enemies and from the depths of water…Come close to my soul, redeem it; because of my enemies, redeem me.”
Psalm 69 Verses 20 to 21: Poet’s despair 2 verses
“You know my humiliation, my shame, and my disgrace; all my oppressors are before You. Humiliation has broken my heart and I have become ill; I hoped for sympathy but there was none, and for comforters but I found none.”
Psalm 69 Verse 22: Transition (why poet is seeking revenge) 1 verse
“They put gall into my food and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.”
Psalm 69 Verses 23 to 29: Description of the revenge the poet asks God to inflict on God’s– and thereby his — enemies 7
“May their table before them become a trap, and [their hope] for peace become a snare… May they be erased from the book of life, and may they not be inscribed with the righteous.”
Psalm 69 Verse 30: Transition (plea to God to keep him safe). 1 verse
“But I am poor and in pain; may Your salvation, O God, exalt me.”
Psalm 69 Verses 31 to 37: Praises for and exultation of God: poet’s vision of a universe united in its recognition and worship of God) 7 verses
” I shall praise the name of God with song, and I shall magnify Him with a thanksgiving offering… And the seed of His servants inherit it, and those who love His name dwell therein.”
Total number of verses: 37